Old Engli.sh

The Portal to the Language of the Anglo-Saxons

About Old-Engli.sh

The website www.Old-Engli.sh is dedicated to the Anglo-Saxon language. It offers study tools, news on current linguistic research and resource development, a link directory, text editions, trivia articles and more.
About the Anglo-Saxon Language

Old English (OE) is the term used collectively for the earliest dialects of the English language, spoken by the Angles, Saxons and Jutes in England from c. 400-1150. The first OE records date from c. 700 and all in all more than 1,000,000 word tokens in over 400 manuscripts have come down to us. OE prose boasts a wide variety of genres, ranging from legal and religious texts over historical, medical or scientific writing to fiction. The surviving OE poems, such as Beowulf or the Battle of Maldon, are among the finest examples of early Germanic legend and heroic poetry.
About Me

I'm a lecturer in English language and Linguistics at the University of Manchester. I'm maintaining this webpage on the side as a hobby. You can find out more about me by clicking on the My Research tab in the top menu.


Welcome to Old-Engli.sh!


Eal þæt þu her sceawast hit is sceaduwa gelic; æll hit gewitað.
'All that you behold here, it is like shadow; it will all disappear.'
(Instructions for Christians, lines 37-38, 12th century manuscript)



The latest Old-Engli.sh News

February 2021
Cartulary of Saint Albans image detail
Manuscript Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale, 7965-73, f. 165r - a seventeenth century transcript of Old English charters now included in the Dictionary of Old English Corpus
As a dead language, Old English has a finite number of text sources its native speakers wrote while they were alive. The only way to enlarge the Old English corpus is therefore to discover new manuscripts of previously unknown texts. Such discoveries are extremely rare and noteworthy events. Yet, the DOE’s Corpus of Old English has just accomplished such a feat – several new texts comprising thousands of words were added to their database in 2019.


December 2020
Epinal Erfurt Glossary Dictionary of Old English
A page from the Épinal-Erfurt Glossary (CCCC 144) - the DOE is now hosting a free online edition of this document
The annual progress report of the Dictionary of Old English (DOE) for 2019 is out, and the developments at the project are as inspiring and innovative as ever. Work is progressing on the letter L and the DOE website now hosts a brand-new edition of the Épinal-Erfurt Glossary.


Old English Trivia of the Day

Article for Thursday 23 September 2021
Wales beach and flag
Where does the name 'Wales' come from?
The Old English vocabulary had a word for 'foreigner' which is the ancestor of the Modern names Wales and Welsh.


Study Anglo-Saxon!

Old English Language
old-english dictionary anglo-saxon lexicon
An Old English dictionary that's easy to use and accurate
Old-Engli.sh offers its own dictionary page. This online Old to Modern English glossary is simple, comprehensive and ideally suited for the translation of original Old English texts.


Old English Documentaries

Produced in 1992
<i>Before Babel</i> documentary logo
Before Babel A BBC-Horizon documentary
A BBC documentary on language reconstruction, the discovery of the Indo-European language family (of which (Old) English is a member), the hypothesis of language superfamilies and the notion of a mother tongue of all human languages spoken today.


Today's Featured Link

Old English Language Study - Other
Richard Rawlinson Center
The Richard Rawlinson Center for Anglo-Saxon Studies and Manuscript Research at Western Michigan University fosters teaching and research on Anglo-Saxon England in particular and on the field of manuscript studies in general. It hosts the International Congress on Medieval Studies as well as other events and is involved in a wide range of research activities.
https://wmich.edu/medieval/research/early-england
Richard Rawlinson Center


Find here a collection of free, downloadable Old English text editions and translations, including Apollonius of Tyre. Ælfric's Catholic Homilies, Biblical Translations, The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and many other texts. Continue...